Bhagvadgita on Caste by Rajiv Malhotra ( Bhagavad Gita

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A detailed explanation on Bhagvadgita on Caste by Rajiv Malhotra

  • suyash951478 days ago | +1 points

    Here is the Answer from Noted Hindu guru Rami Sivan's QUORA Answer

    The Gītā neither condemns nor endorses the discriminatory caste system as practiced today.

    The one verse which addresses caste is found in Chapter 4

    cātur-varṇyaṁ mayā sṛṣṭaṁ guṇa karma vibhāgaśaḥ | tasya kartāram api māṁ viddhy-akartāram avyayam || 13 ||

    The [social] system of four castes was generated by Me according to division of Guṇas and Karma. Though I am the generator, know Me as a non-agent and immutable.

    So he says that varṇa - which means the “colour” of one’s personality is determined by one’s inherent qualities (guṇas) with which one is born - which are:₄

    1. sattva (balance/goodness/spirituality/peace/compassion etc.),
    2. rajas (passion/greed/aggression/control/domination etc.),
    3. tamas (ignorance/dullness/laziness/maliciousness etc.)

    And Karma — which is the work and activities to which one is naturally attracted due to one’s guṇas.

    This explains the given social structure and then he tells us how we should treat each other:–

    vidyā vinaya saṁpanne brāhmaṇe gavi hastini | śuni caiva śvapāke ca paṇḍitāḥ sama-darśinaḥ || 5:18 ||

    The sages regard with equality a person well-endowed with learning and humility, a Brahmana (who is so merely by birth), a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater.

    sarva-bhūtastham ātmānaṁ sarva-bhūtāni cātmani | īkṣate yoga-yuktātmā sarvatra sama-darśanaḥ || 6:29 ||

    With the mind harmonised by Yoga one sees equality everywhere; one sees one’s Self as abiding in all beings and all beings in one’s own Self.

    loka saṅgraham-evāpi saṁpaśyan kartum arhasi || 3: 20 ||

    Indeed, you should act, bearing in mind the welfare of the world.

    labhante Brahmā-nirvāṇam ṛṣayaḥ kṣīṇa kalmaṣāḥ | chinna-dvaidhā yatātmanaḥ sarva bhūta hite ratāḥ || 5:25 ||

    The sages who are free from the pairs of opposites, whose minds are well directed and who are devoted to the welfare of all beings, become cleansed of all impurities and attain the bliss of the Brahman.

    te prāpnuvanti mām-eva sarva-bhūta-hite-ratāḥ || 12;4 ||

    They too obtain Me who are dedicated to the welfare of all beings.


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