Assuming upanishads can be considered as part of vedas -
A similar verse is found in Katha upanishad 2.1.10 second half
mṛtyoḥ sa mṛtyumāpnoti ya iha nāneva paśyati ||
(Translating and interpreting according to advaita.)
He who sees multiplicity here, goes from death to death.
Explaining this Sankaracharya says -
This being so, he who here deluded by ignorance, which consists in seeing difference by the nature of the conditions sees in the Brahman which is one, a variety, thinking thus ‘I am other than the highest Brahman and the highest Brahman is other than I’, goes from death to death, i.e., is again born and dies; so, one should not see thus.
The meaning is that a person who does not know brahman, keeps taking birth and dying again and again.
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