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Vedanta (; Sanskrit: वेदान्त, IAST: Vedānta) or Uttara Mīmāṃsā is one of the six (āstika) schools of Hindu philosophy. Literally meaning "end of the Vedas", Vedanta reflects ideas that emerged from the speculations and philosophies contained in the Upanishads, specifically, knowledge and liberation. Vedanta contains many sub-traditions, ranging from dualism to non-dualism, all of which developed on the basis of a common textual connection called the Prasthanatrayi: the Upanishads, the Brahma Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita. All Vedanta schools, in their deliberations, concern themselves but differ in their views regarding ontology, soteriology and epistemology. Some of the better known sub-traditions of Vedanta include: Advaita Darshan established by Adi Shankara (788–820 CE) Vishishtadvaita Darshan established by Ramanujacharya (1017–1137 CE) Dvaita Darshan established by Madhvacharya (1238–1317 CE) Bhedabhed (or Dvaitadvait) Darshan established by Nimbarkacharya (c. 7th century CE) Shuddhadvait Darshan established by Vallabhacharya (1479–1531 CE) Achintyabhedabhed Darshan established by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534 CE) Akshar-Purushottam Darshan established by Swaminarayan (1781-1830 CE)